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Saturday, 31 March 2012

Subject & Object Pronouns

Look at these slides. They will help you to understand and practise on subject and object pronouns.

Subject and object pronouns
View more presentations from Liliana Lo Preiato

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The Time

Watch the slides. They show how to tell the time in English

Times

View more presentations from yolyordam yolyordam

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Simple Present Tense

Click HERE to revise and practise simple present tense (habitual actions and routines)

Music in the Classroom... Music in your Heart!

Watch and listen to the video.



IF YOU WANT TO ENLARGE THIS VIDEO PRESENTATION, CLICK ON THE YOUTUBE LOGO ON THE RIGHT

After Watching the Video...

Enlace...solve the following activities:

Who is this man?

Look at the photo. Who is this famous actor?
These tips will help you:
1. He's a famous American actor.
2. He's middle-aged at present.
3. He starred a lot of famous Hollywood movies.
4. He lived in a land of wonder and he was a demon barber.

Click HERE to discover if you were right.

Now write a short bioghaphy about his life (100-150 words.) Click HERE to find information about him.

Handouts to Work Present Perfect Tense

The present perfect tense
View more documents from Susan Watson

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Look What you've Done - Song to work Present Perfect Tense



After watching the video, click HERE and do the activity.

CONDITIONAL ZERO & FIRST



The ZERO conditional is used for situations that are ALWAYS TRUE. For example SCIENTIFIC FACTS.

If you cross an international date line, the time changes.
If you heat ice, it melts.

THE STRUCTURE OF A ZERO CONDITIONAL IS:

IF condition result
present simple present simple
If you heat ice it melts.

Look at some more examples in the tables below:

IF condition result
present simple present simple
If I miss the 8 o'clock bus I am late for work.
If I am late for work my boss gets angry.
If people don't eat they get hungry.
If you heat ice does it melt?
 
result IF condition
present simple present simple
I am late for work if I miss the 8 o'clock bus.
My boss gets angry if I am late for work.
People get hungry if they don't eat.
Does ice melt if you heat it?

The FIRST conditional is used for future events that are likely (possible) to happen. For example:

If we you give me some money, I'll pay you back tomorrow.
If i travel to New York, I'll buy some souvenir for you.

THE STRUCTURE OF THE FIRST CONDITIONAL IS:

IF condition result
present simple WILL + base verb
If it rains I will stay at home.

Look at some more examples in the tables below: 

IF condition result
present simple WILL + base verb
If I see Mary I will tell her.
If Tara is free tomorrow he will invite her.
If they do not pass their exam their teacher will be sad.
If it rains tomorrow will you stay at home?
If it rains tomorrow what will you do?
 
result IF condition
WILL + base verb present simple
I will tell Mary if I see her.
He will invite Tara if she is free tomorrow.
Their teacher will be sad if they do not pass their exam.
Will you stay at home if it rains tomorrow?
What will you do if it rains tomorrow?

TIPS:
* Remember you can change the position of the result and the condition
e.g. He'll be ill if he eats so much junk food.
result + condition

Water turns into ice if you freeze it.
result + condition

* In conditional ZERO you can replace the word IF by WHEN or WHENEVER
e.g. When/Whenever I have time, I usually go to movies.


 Click below to practise conditionals ZERO and FIRST

Exercise I

Exercise II (with key)

Exercise III

Exercise IV

Exercise V

Exercise VI

Exercise VII

Sunday, 18 March 2012

DRACULA


Every time you watch a TV show, or watch a film, you are taking in the work of a scripwriter. Their work is a screenplay or a script. This is a written work that is made specially for a film or a TV programme.

Using movie scripts to learn English will offer you vocabulary support and review activities for special or interesting movies.

So, let's work with Dracula script! We have read Bram Stoker's story and watched the film. Now click HERE to read Dracula's script and make more intensive work!

ACTIVITY: Working with vocabulary

Choose the correct meaning of these words. Then, find out when they are said.

Example:

Muslim Turks swept into Europe...

A. Muslim Turks cleaned Europe...
B. Muslim Turks expelled people from Europe...
C. Muslim Turks moved into Europe with an overwhelming force of attack... CORRECT

SAID: These words are said in the PROLOGUE.

1. Gone mad.(...) He's lost his greedy mind, poor chap.

A. He's crazy.(...) He's lost his common sense.
B. He's crazy.(...) He's lost his avid and enthusiastic way of being.
C. He's benevolent. (...) He's lost his avaricious mind.


2. The coach speeds away, followed by wolves.

A. The carriage moved forward quickly.
B. The driver moved the vehicle quickly.
C. The driver stopped abruptly.


3. Here I am, almost 20 practically a hag!

A. Here I am, nearly an old woman, over 20 years old.
B. Here I am, a fairly old woman, about 20 years old.
C. Here I am, a beautiful woman, about 20 years old.


4. A foul bauble of man's vanity.

A. A very pleasant valuable jewel of man's vanity.
B. A very unpleasant cheap jewel of man's vanity.
C. A very unpleasant valuable jewel of man's vanity.


5. Escaped wolf from zoo still at large!

A. A wolf has escaped from zoo and it has been caught!
B. A wolf escaped from zoo and it was caught!
C. A wolf has escaped from zoo and it is prowling around.


6. You describe my home as if you had seen it firshand.

A. You describe my home as if you had seen it before.
B. You describe my home as if you had seen it in detail.
C. You describe my home as if you had seen it in your hand.


7. ...Sleep,sleep now, sleep. There, there (he looks at the fangs in her gums)

A. ...Sleep, sleep now, sleep. There, there (he looks at the necklace in her neck)
B. ...Sleep, sleep now, sleep. There, there (he looks at the small holes in her neck)
C. ...Sleep, sleep now, sleep. There, there (he looks at the long canine teeth in her mouth)


8. ...It is Dracula, the undead, the foe I have persued all my life.

A. ...It is Dracula, the undead, the enemy I have persued all my life.
B. ...It is Dracula, the undead, the vampire I have persued all my life.
C. ...It is Dracula, the undead, the animal I have persued all my life.


9. Gentlemen, must we desecrete poor Lucy's grave? She died horribly enough.

A. Gentlemen, must we honor poor Lucy's grave? She died happily enough.
B. Gentlemen, must we purify poor Lucy's grave? She died awfully.
C. Gentlemen, must we commit sacrilege on Lucy's grave? She died awfully.


10. ...I've been rather naughty. I know you. You're the bride my Master covets.

A. ...I've been fairly good. I know you. You're the bride my Master doesn't want.
B. ...I've been fairly disobedient. I know you. You're the bride my Master desires strongly.
C. ...I've been a good servant. I know you. You're the bride my Master desires strongly.


11. I was betrayed. Look what your God has done to me!

A. I was deceived. Look what your God has to done me!
B. I was protected. Look what your God has done to me!
C. I was conforted. Look what your God has done to me!


12. ...Her blood is dying. It's no use.

A. Her blood is dying. It's no idea.
B. Her blood is dying. It's no point.
C. Her blood is dying. There's no purpose.


13. ...Our love is stronger than death.

A. Our love is finished with death.
B. Our love will always live. Death won't stop it.
C. Our love will always live. Death is only the beginning.


DRACULA WEBQUEST

Click Here to get the activity. Prepare the project to hand in.

Friday, 2 March 2012

PASSIVE VOICE




WHAT IS PASSIVE VOICE?

To explain it in simple words we can say that PASSIVE VOICE is a voice that indicates that the subject or doer of the action is not important in that sentence. It may also indicate that we do not know who is performing the action. In the PASSIVE VOICE the most important thing is the action performed.

E.g. He ate all the cookies. (Active Voice)
All the cookies were eaten. (Passive Voice)


CAN WE TURN INTO PASSIVE ALL THE SENTENCES?

No, we cannot. Let's see:

• Only verbs that take an object can be used in the passive.

E.g.: Tim Wilson wrote The Flight to Brunswick (The Flight to Brunswick is the direct object of the
active voice sentence). It becomes into: The Flight to Brunswick was written by Tim Wilson.

• Sentences without an object cannot be turned into passive voice.
E.g.: He arrived late today – Passive Voice not possible (no object)


WHEN DO WE USE PASSIVE VOICE?

The passive voice is used:

• When we are more interested in what happened rather than in who did the
action (the action is more important than who did it.)
E.g.: The film was made in Japan.

• When we do not know who did the action.
E.g.: Our neighbour’s car was stolen last night.

• In newspapers reports.
E.g.: Two men were hurt in an accident today.

• To describe scientific experiments or processes.
E.g.: The liquid was placed in a glass container and heated slowly.

• When it is obvious or unimportant who does the action.
E.g.: Our computers are sold all over the world.


HOW IS PASSIVE VOICE FORMED?

• The Passive sentences are formed by this construction:

Passive Subject (active direct object) + verb to Be + Main verb in Past Participle

• Remember that the Past Participle of a verb is formed in different ways depending on the type of verb:
* Regular verbs: + ‘-ed’
* Irregular verbs: 3rd column (list of irregular verbs)

Examples:
 

• The verb TO BE must be written in the same tense than the active sentence.
The main verb ALWAYS takes the past participle.

• We also use modal verbs with passive. If the action is in the present or future, the form is:

Modal + Be + Main verb in Past Participle

E.g.: Active Voice: The company may not pay salaries this month.
Passive Voice: Salaries may not be paid this month.

The Passive Voice can be used in different verbal tenses. Let's have a look at the passive forms of the verb design:

TenseSubjectAuxiliaryPast
Participle
SingularPlural
Present The car/cars is are designed.
Present perfectThe car/cars has been have been designed.
Past The car/cars was were designed.
Past perfect The car/cars had been had been designed.
Future The car/cars will be will be designed.
Future perfect The car/cars will have been will have been designed.
Present progressive The car/cars is being are being designed.
Past progressive The car/cars was being were being designed.


WHAT DO WE CALL AGENT?

Passive sentences may include information about who did it. This person, thing, organization, etc. is called THE AGENT and it is introduced by ‘BY’.

E.g.: Stones were thrown by angry football fans.

But remember that most of the times the agent is not included in the passive because it is unimportant, obvious o we do not know it.


WHAT DO WE CALL INSTRUMENT?

Passive sentences may include information about what was used to perform the action. This is called THE INSTRUMENT and it is introduced using ‘WITH’.
E.g.: The window was broken with a baseball bat.



TO PRACTICE PASSIVE VOICE, CLICK ON THE FOLLOWING LINKS:

1. Decide whether these sentences are written into active or passive.
2. Complete the sentences with the verbs in brackets.
3. Choose the correct passive form.
4. Use BY or WITH to complete sentences.
5. Rewrite the sentences using passive voice.
6. Passive voice with auxiliary verbs.
7. Make passive sentences using the correct tense.
8. Make questions in passive voice.
9. Passive voice in context: reading The Statue of Liberty.
10. Passive in context: Portal Dolmen.
11. Passive in summaries: The Fellowship of the Ring Part 1.
12. Passive in summaries: The Felloship of the Ring Part 2.
13. Passive in summaries: The Felloship of the Ring Part 3.


If you  still need to clarify PASSIVE VOICE, click on the links below

PASSIVE VOICE - INTRODUCTION

PASSIVE VOICE - CONTINUED