Sunday, 16 April 2017

Relative Clauses

                                            {The Tribal Box}

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* What are Relative Clauses?

We use Relative Clauses to give additional information about something in the same sentence. By combining sentences with a relative clause, your text becomes more fluent and you can avoid repeating certain words.

* How to form Relative Clauses?

Imagine a girl is talking to Fred, your friend. You want to know who she is and you ask a friend if he knows her. You could say: 

E.G. A girl is talking to Fred. Do you know the girl?

That sounds weird... doesn't it? It would be easier if you used a relative clause: you put both pieces of information into one sentence, starting with the most important thing - you want to know who the girl is:

E.G. Do you know the girl...

As your friend may not know which girl you are talking about, you need to clarify the information - the girl is talking to Fred. So, the final sentence will be:

E.G. Do you know the girl who is talking to Fred?

* Relative Pronouns

Relative Pronouns are those which are used to refer to nouns mentioned previously, whether they are people, places, things, animals, or ideas. Relative Pronouns can be used to join sentences in Relative Clauses. In the last example provided WHO is the relative pronouns replacing "the girl".

Pay attention to these relative pronouns and their use:

relative pronounuseexample
whosubject or object pronoun for peopleI told you about the woman who lives next door.
whichsubject or object pronoun for animals and thingsDo you see the cat which is lying on the roof?
whichreferring to a whole sentenceHe couldn’t read which surprised me.
whosepossession for people animals and thingsDo you know the boy whose mother is a nurse?
whomobject pronoun for people, especially in non-defining relative clauses (in defining relative clauses we colloquially prefer who)I was invited by the professor whom I met at the conference.
thatsubject or object pronoun for people, animals and things in defining relative clauses (who or which are also possible)I don’t like the table that stands in the kitchen.

* Subject and Object Pronouns

Subject and object pronouns cannot be distinguished easily: who, which, thar are used both for subject and object pronouns. 

Subject pronouns refer to the subject of the sentence. They are always followed by a verb.

E.G. The pencil which is lying on the table is mine

Object pronouns refer to the object of the sentence. They are not followed by a verb but by a noun or a pronoun. 

E.G. The pencil which John lay on the table is mine.

Object pronouns can be dropped in defining relative clauses, which are then called Contact Clauses.

E.G. The pencil (which) John lay on the table is mine.

* Defining and Non-defining Relative Clauses

Defining Relative Clauses give information which cannot be left out because it provides important information about the subject.

E.G. Do you know the girl who is talking to Fred?

Non-defining Relative Clauses give extra information. This is separated from the main sentence by commas.

E.G. Fred, who is talking to that girl, is my friend.

And now... 

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Click on the following exercises below and check if you have understood relative clauses:

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Sunday, 9 April 2017

Verb TO BE

              #Candy Pop!

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We have practised a lot this verb but it is always necessary to revise it not to make mistakes. 

Let's check this grammar rule:

Present Tense
I amWe are
You areYou are
He/She/It isThey are

And now click HERE to solve this interactive activity. When you finish, send your results to my email. 

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Classroom Language

    Messenger Pigeons Personal Use Regular

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Classroom Language is the routine language we use on a regular basis in our classroom like giving instructions or praise, for example: "Take out your books" or "Please sit down". To make those simple words part of us we are going to practise it.

Click HERE and drag and drop what the teacher or student say in a common class. 

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Thursday, 6 April 2017

Personal Pronouns

              #Candy Pop!

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A personal pronoun is a pronoun that is associated primarily with a particular person, in the grammatical sense. 

Let's see:

  • First person: I (singular), We (plural)
  • Second person: You (singular & plural)
  • Third person: He, She, It (singular) They (plural)

See these pictures:





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                    abCDefGHijKLmnOPqrSTuvWXyzABcdEFghIJklMNopQRstUVwxYZ                                                         abCDefGHijKLmnOPqrSTuvWXyzABcdEFghIJklMNopQRstUVwxYZ  

                                    Typo College LC 



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Click HERE to practise them!

When you finish clik the FINISH button and your result to your teacher. See:


                                     Oh Whale

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                                Budidaya Regular

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Question words are also called WH- words because they include the letters WH (for example, Why, When, hoW, etc.). We use question words to ask certain types of questions. 

See this table:

question wordfunctionexample sentence
whatasking for information about somethingWhat is your name?
asking for repetition or confirmationWhat? I can't hear you.
You did what?
what...forasking for a reason, asking whyWhat did you do that for?
whenasking about timeWhen did he leave?
whereasking in or at what place or positionWhere do they live?
whichasking about choiceWhich colour do you want?
whoasking what or which person or people (subject)Who opened the door?
whomasking what or which person or people (object)Whom did you see?
whoseasking about ownershipWhose are these keys?
Whose turn is it?
whyasking for reason, asking what...forWhy do you say that?
why don'tmaking a suggestionWhy don't I help you?
howasking about mannerHow does this work?
asking about condition or qualityHow was your exam?
how + adj/advasking about extent or degreesee examples below
how fardistanceHow far is Pattaya from Bangkok?
how longlength (time or space)How long will it take?
how manyquantity (countable)How many cars are there?
how muchquantity (uncountable)How much money do you have?
how oldageHow old are you?
how come (informal)asking for reason, asking whyHow come I can't see her?

Budidaya Regular

Click HERE.

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