- personal: I, me,...
- possessive: mine, yours,...
- reflexive: myself, yourself,...
- demonstrative: this, that,...
- indefinite: some, any,...
- interrogative: who, what,...
- relative: which, that,...
Today we are going to see the first three types, which, like all pronouns, are used instead of nouns. Don’t get confused: personal pronouns do not only refer to persons. They are called like that because they refer to the three grammatical persons:
- First: person who speaks
- Second: person who is spoken to
- Third: a person or thing different from the first and second.
|Persons||Subject pronouns||Object pronouns||Possessive adjectives||Possessive pronouns||Reflexive pronouns|
|1st. p. sing||I||me||my||mine||myself|
|2nd p. sing.||you||you||your||yours||yourself|
|3rd p. sing. masc.||he||him||his||his||himself|
|3rd p. sing. fem.||she||her||her||hers||herself|
|3rd p. sing. neut.||it||it||its||its||itself|
|1st p. plural||we||us||our||ours||ourselves|
|2nd. p. plural||you||you||your||yours||yourselves|
|3rd p. plural||they||them||their||theirs||themselves|
Let’s see how we can use these pronouns:
Object pronouns can also go after prepositions: Hurry up! They are waiting for us, not *They are waiting for we. INCORRECT
Possessive adjectives accompany nouns, while possessive pronouns go alone.
Note that the possessive adjective remains the same with either singular or plural nouns.
In this example Sarah both does and receives the action of the verb.